Agrippa explains how to use the fixed star listings to make rings or talismans, Now the manner of making these kinds of Rings, is this, viz. The Pleiades Rock Crystal Fennel Fennel seed with 0 Gemini 13 frankincense and quicksilver placed under a crystal with the appropriate character [engraved on it], with the Moon conjunct the Pleiades rising or at midheaven, preserves the eyesight, summons demons and the spirits of the dead, calls the winds, and reveals secrets and things that are lost. Spica Emerald Sage Sage juice with trefoil, 24 Libra 04 periwinkle, wormwood and mandrake placed etc.
Arcturus Jasper Plantain Plantain juice with seeds 24 Libra 27 or rooted placed under jasper, especially green [jasper], carries away fevers and restrains the flow of blood. Tail of the Magnet Chicory Chicory juice with Great Bear wormwood and Sometimes periwinkle flower placed incorrectly etc. Corona Topaz Rosemary Juice of the herb called Borealis rosemary with equal parts Northern trefoil and ivy put etc. The Falling Chrysolite Savory Savory juice with an equal Vulture amount of the herb called Wega or Vega fumitory and with a little 15 Capricorn of the stone called 33 turonso, etc.
Cauda Chalcedony Marjoram Marjoram juice put under Capricornis a chalcedony with its Tail of proper character, the Capricorn Moon conjunct the tail of Deneb Algedi Capricorn rising, gives 23 Aquarius favor in lawsuits, improves 46 the home in which it is kept, keeps it [the home] secure, and increases all manner of riches. Algol, the Demon, the Demon Star, and the Blinking Demon, from the Arabians' Ra's al Ghul, the Demon's Head, is said to have been thus called from its rapid and wonderful variations; but I find no evidence of this [Star Names was published in , it was that year that Algol was discovered to be an eclipsing binary — Wikipedia], and that people probably took the title from the second-century Greek astronomer Ptolemy.
Al Ghul literally signifies a Mischief-maker, and the name still appears in the Ghoul of the Arabian Nights and of our day. It degenerated into the Alove often used some centuries ago for this star. Hipparchos circa B. Medusa, who was the only mortal one of the three Gorgon sisters, was originally a beautiful maiden, but her hair was changed into hissing serpents by Minerva in consequence of her having become by Neptune the mother of Chrysaor and Pegasus in one of Minerva's temples.
This gave her so fearful an appearance that everyone who looked at her was changed into stone. As a young man Perseus undertook a mission to kill the Medusa. He was furnished with the sword, cap and wings of Mercury and the shield of Minerva. He killed the Medusa by cutting off her head and afterwards killed the sea monster Cetus and then rescued and married Andromeda. Perseus founded a city, having dropped his cap or found a mushroom both named myces at Mycenae. It is said to give an intelligent, strong, bold and adventurous nature, but a tendency to lying. When prominent in a natal chart it is said to denote adventurous individuals, but also those who are less than honest in their dealings with others.
Of the nature of Saturn and Jupiter. It causes misfortune, violence, decapitation, hanging, electrocution and mob violence, and gives a dogged and violent nature that causes death to the native or others. It is the most evil star in the heavens. Brutality and violence. If at the same time in conjunction with Sun, Moon or Jupiter, gives victory over others in war. If also in no aspect to a benefic, or there is no benefic in the 8th house, and the dispositor of the Sun in a day nativity or if the Moon in the night one is in square or opposition to Mars, the native will be beheaded; if the luminary culminate he will be maimed, mangled, wounded or torn to pieces alive; and if Mars is at the same time in Gemini or Pisces his hands or feet will be cut off.
The same is caused by Algol angular or with the hyleg. Robson, ]. Clues to the meaning of this celestial feature 2. The fixed stars in this constellation 3. It was under this form that Jupiter carried Europa into Crete, and thereby gave the name of Europe to one of the quarters of the Earth. Both groups have connections to rain; pluvial, a word related to Pleiades is a Latin term for rain; and hyein, a Greek term meaning 'to rain' is related to the word Hyades.
This "movable" prefix s- appears at the beginning of some Indo-European roots, but is absent from other occurrences of the same root. Watkins] Bullshit is "foolish, deceitful, or boastful language. Bellows started out as the plural of belly , belly from Old English bel i g, baelig, bag, bellows, billow a swelling wave , bolster a swollen cushion , blagging informal talk, usually among men, occurring in a public place , budget, bulge.
Watkins] Pleiades: The Pleiades are the daughters of Pleione from where it is said they got their name.
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Some of the classic poets made them a flock of pigeons flying from the celestial hunter Orion. In Hinduism the Pleiades were the Krittikas, the six nurses of Skanda, the infant god of war, who took to himself six heads for his better nourishment. Greek pneuma is a loose term used in translation from Greek for spirit, holy ghost, breath, air, and wind. Hyades: The other cluster of stars in Taurus form the face or forehead of the bull, are called the Hyades, and were put there to commemorate the sister's mourning of their brother Hyas who was the first-born of the Hyades.
The word comes from Greek Huades, probably from Hys meaning 'pig'. In ancient Greek the Hyades cluster of stars were 'the rain-bringers' from hyein, 'to rain'; so called because the wet weather begins when they set. Aldebaran, the alpha star marking the left eye of the bull was sometimes included with the Hyades, and was called a 'Sow'; the colloquial title among the Roman country-people for the Hyades was Suculae, 'the Little Pigs', from Sus, 'Sow'. It was said that the title might come from the resemblance of this group of stars to a pig's jaws; or because Aldebaran and its companion stars were like a sow with her litter.
Pliny accounting for it by the fact that the continual rains of the season of their setting made the roads so miry that these stars seemed to delight in dirt, like swine [Allen, Star Names, p. Watkins] Hyades was Suculae, 'the Little Pigs'. Watkins] "Callistratus claims the Jews honored the pig because it is from this animal that the Jews learned how to plow the land, witnessing a hog dig his snout into the earth.
It bows its neck amid the stars and of itself demands a yoke for its shoulders. When it carries the sun's orb on its horns, it bids battle with the soil begin and rouses the fallow land to its former cultivation, itself leading the work, for it neither pauses in the furrows nor relaxes its breast in the dust. The sign of the Bull has produced a Serranus and a Curius, has carried the rods of office through the fields, and has left its plough to become a dictator [eque suo dictator venit aratro].
The astrological influences given by Manilius for the Pleiades: "The Pleiades, sisters who vie with each other's radiance. Beneath their influence devotees of Bacchus god of wine and ecstasy and Venus goddess of love are born into the kindly light, and people whose insouciance runs free at feasts and banquets and who strive to provoke sweet mirth with biting wit. They will always take pains over personal adornment and an elegant appearance they will set their locks in waves of curls or confine their tresses with bands, building them into a thick topknot, and they will transform the appearance of the head by adding hair to it; they will smooth their hairy limbs with the porous pumice, loathing their manhood and craving for sleekness of arm.
They adopt feminine dress, footwear donned not for wear but for show, and an affected effeminate gait. They are ashamed of their sex; in their hearts dwells a senseless passion for display, and they boast of their malady, which they call a virtue. To give their love is never enough, they will also want their love to be seen". The astrological influences given by Manilius for the Hyades: "The Hyades are a stormy star group and was regarded as a separate constellation.
Those born at this time take no pleasure in tranquillity and set no store by a life of inaction; rather they yearn for crowds and mobs and civil disorders. Sedition and uproar delight them; they long for the Gracchi to harangue from the platform, for a secession to the Sacred Mount, leaving but a handful of citizens at Rome; they welcome fights which break the peace and provide sustenance for fears. They herd their foul droves over untilled countryside, for this constellation also begot Ulysses' trusty swineherd Eumaeus, or Eumaios, was Odysseus' swineherd.
Such are the qualities engendered by the Hyades at the rising of their stars". Taurus, the Bull, le Taureau of France, il Toro of Italy, and der Stier of Germany, everywhere was one of the earliest and most noted constellations, perhaps the first established, because it marked the vernal equinox from about to B. It is to this that Vergil alluded in the much quoted lines from the 1st Georgic, which May rendered: When with his golden homes bright Taurus opes, The yeare; and downward the crosse Dog-starre stoopes; and the poet's description well agrees with mythology's idea of Europa's bull, for he always was thus described, and snowy white in color.
The averse, "crosse," in the second line of this passage:. This association with Europa led to the constellation titles Portitor, or Proditor, Europae; Agenoreus, used by Ovid, referring to her father; and Tyrius, by Martial, to her country. This incomplete figuring of Taurus induced the frequent designation, in early catalogues, Sectio Tauri, which the Arabians adopted, dividing the figure at the star omicron, but retaining the hind quarters as a sub-constellation, Al Hatt, recognized by Ulug Beg, and, in its translation, as Sectio, by Tycho, the line being marked by omicron, xi, s, and f.
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Ancient drawings generally showed the figure as we do, although some gave the entire shape, Pliny and Vitruvius writing of the Pleiades as cauda Tauri, so implying a complete animal. The last descended to Aratos, who styled the constellation Keraon, and is seen in the Cornus of Ovid. The latter author wrote again of the sky figure: Vacca sit an taurus non est cognoscere promptum, from the conflicting legends of Io and Europa; for some of the poets, changing the sex, had called these stars Io, the Wanderer, another object of Jupiter's attentions, whom Juno's jealousy had changed to a cow.
They also varied the title by the equivalent Juvenca Inachia and Inachis, from her father Inachus. She afterwards became the ancestress of our Cepheus and Andromeda. The story that the Bull was one of the two with brazen feet tamed by the Argonaut Jason, perhaps, has deeper astronomical meaning, for Thompson writes: The sign Taurus may have been the Cretan Bull; and a transit through that sign may have been the celestial Bosphorus of the Argonautic voyage.
Manilius characterized Taurus as dives puellis, "rich in maidens," referring to its seven Hyades and seven Pleiades, all daughters of Atlas, and the chief attraction in a constellation not otherwise specially noticeable. An early Grecian gem shows three nude figures, hand in hand, standing on the head of the Bull, one pointing to seven stars in line over the back, which Landseer referred to the Hyades; but as six of the stars are strongly cut, and one but faintly so, and the letter P is superscribed, Doctor Charles Anthon is undoubtedly correct in claiming them for the Pleiades, and the three figures for the Graces, or Charites.
These were originally the Vedic Harits, associated with the sun, stars, and seasons; and this astronomical character adhered to the Charites, for their symbols in their ancient temple in Boeotia were stones reputed to have fallen from the sky. A coin, struck 43 B. Clodius Turrinus, bore the Pleiades in evident allusion to the consular surname; while earlier still — B. The gold muhrs, or mohurs, and the zodiacal rupees, attributed to Jehangir Shah, of , show Taurus as a complete, although spiritless, creature, with the gibbous hump peculiar to Indian cattle. This is always drawn in the Euphratean stellar figure, and was described as Kurtos curved by an early commentator on the Syntaxis.
But the silver rupees of the same monarch have the customary half animal in bold, butting attitude exactly as it is now, and as it was described by Manilius in his flexus and nisus, and by Lucan in his curvatus. A very ancient coin of Samos, perhaps of the 6th century before Christ, bears a half-kneeling, sectional figure of a bull, with a lion's head on the obverse; and one of Thuru, in Lucania, of the 4th century B. Another of this same city bears the Bull with a bird on its back, perhaps symbolizing the Peleiad Doves.
In China it formed part of the White Tiger, and also was known as Ta Leang, the Great Bridge, from a very early designation of the Hyades and Pleiades; but as a zodiac constellation it was the Cock, or Hen, recalling the modern Hen and Chickens of the Pleiades. After Egyptian worship of the bull-god Osiris had spread to other Mediterranean countries, our Taurus naturally became his sky representative, as also of his wife and sister Isis, and even assumed her name; but the starry Bull of the Nile country was not ours, at least till late in that astronomy.
Still this constellation is said to have begun the zodiacal series on the walls of a sepulchral chamber in the Ramesseum; and, whatever may have been its title, its stars certainly were made much of throughout all Egyptian history and religion, not only from its then containing the vernal equinox, but from the belief that the human race was created when the sun was here.
In Coptic Egypt it, or the Pleiades, was Orias, the Good Season, Kircher's Static Hori, although it was better known as Apis, the modern form of the ancient Hapi, whose worship as god of the Nile may have preceded even the building of the pyramids. As first in the early Hebrew zodiac it was designated by A or Aleph, the first letter of that alphabet, coincidentally a crude figure of the Bull's face and horns; some of the Targums assigning it to the tribes of Manasseh and Ephraim, from Moses' allusion to their father Joseph in the 33d chapter of Deuteronomy, — "his horns are the horns of the wild ox"; but others said that it appeared only on the banners of Ephraim; or referred it to Simeon and Levi jointly, from Jacob's death-bed description of their character, — "they houghed an ox"; or to Issachar, the "strong ass" which shared with the ox the burdens of toil and carriage.
Hood said of this: "But whether there were any ox there or no, I know not how he will prove it. Representations of the Mithraic Bull on gems of four or five centuries before Christ, reproduced in Lajarde's Culte de Mithra, prove that Taurus was at that time still prominent in Persico-Babylonian astronomy as well as in its religion.
One of these representations, showing the front of the Bull's head, may very well be the origin of our present symbol of this sign, gamma, although it also has been considered a combination of the full and crescent moon, associated with this constellation as a nocturnal sign; and some assert that Taurus was drawn as a demi-bull from his representing the crescent moon. This appears on a Babylonian cylinder seal of about B. Still earlier in Akkadia it seems to have been known as the Bull of Light, its double title, Te Te, referring to its two groups, the Hyades and Pleiades, which in every age have been of so much interest to mankind; and a cylinder has Gut-an-na, the Heavenly Bull, mentioned in connection with rain, so recalling the rainy Hyades.
Epping says that it was the Babylonians' Shur, and that four of their ecliptic constellations were marked by its stars; while Jensen mentions it as symbolic of Marduk, the Spring Sun, son of Ia, whose worship seems to have been general B. This high authority carries the formation of Taurus still farther back, to about B.
And the Scotch have a story that on New Year's eve the Candlemas Bull is seen rising in the twilight and sailing across the sky, — a matter-of-fact statement, after all. Astrologers made this sign the lord of man's neck, throat, and shoulders; Shakespeare having an amusing passage in Twelfth Night, in the dialogue between Sirs Toby Belch and Andrew Aguecheek, when both blunder as to this character of Taurus.
And it was considered under the guardianship of Venus, sharing this distinction with the body of Scorpio, — some said with Libra, — whence it was known as Veneris Sidus, Domus Veneris nocturna, and Gaudium Veneris: an idea also perhaps influenced by its containing the Peleiades, the Doves, the favorite birds of that goddess. White and lemon were the colors allotted to it. On the whole, it was an unfortunate constellation, although a manuscript almanac of had "whoso is born in yat syne schal have grace in bestis"; and thunder, when the sun was here, "brought a plentiful supply of victuals.
Allen, As when the seaman sees the Hyades Gather an army of Cimmerian clouds, Auster and Aquilon with winged steeds. Similarly they were said to be the Nysiades, the nymphs of Nysa, and teachers of Bacchus in India. Anciently supposed to be seven in number, we moderns count but six, and Hesiod named only five, — Kleea, Eudora, Koronis, Phaeo, and Phaesula; but Pherecydes gave a complete list of them, although one of his names has been lost, and the rest, preserved by Hyginus, vary from those given by Hesiod, and doubtless are somewhat corrupted in form.
Pherecydes probably took in beta and zeta, at the tips of the horns, omitting some of the fainter stars now included in the group; Thales, however, is said to have acknowledged but two, — alpha and epsilon in the eyes, — "one in the Northern Hemisphere, and the other in the South"; Hipparchos and Ptolemy named only alpha and gamma as Uadon; Euripides, in the Phaethon, counted three; and Achaeus, four.
Ovid used Thyone for the whole, but none of the sisters' names have been applied to the individual stars as in the case of the Pleiades. They are among the few stellar objects mentioned by Homer, — and by him, Hesiod, Manilius, Pliny, and doubtless others, given separately from Taurus. Pliny called them Parilicium, from their lucida, Aldebaran.
The Greeks knew them as Uades, which became "Hyades" with the cultured Latins, supposed by some to be from uein, "to rain," referring to the, wet period attending their morning and evening setting in the latter parts of May and November; and this is their universal character in the literature of all ages.
The queer old Guide into Tongues of John Minsheu, calling them the Seven Stars, — the only instance of this title that I have met for this group, — makes still more intimate their connection with the showers; for at its word Hyades the reader is referred to the word Raine, where we see: Hyades, uades, dictae stellae quaedam in cornibus Tauri; quae ortu occasuq, sus pluvias largosque imbres concitant. And in Doctor Johnson's Dictionary the word is defined as "a watery constellation.
Ovid called them Sidus Hyantis, after their earthly brother, Hyas, whose name, after all, would seem to be the most natural derivation of the title; and it was their grief at his death which gave additional point to Horace's tristes Hyadas, and, in one version of their story, induced Jove to put them in the sky. And this idea, trivial though it seems, was sufficiently prevalent for Cicero, a century before Pliny, to think worthy of contradiction in his De Natura Deorum.
Smyth said that the title might come from the resemblance of the group to a pig's jaws; or because Aldebaran and its companion stars were like a sow with her litter. Peck suggests, in his Dictionary of Classical Literature and Antiquities, that Suculae was the oldest Roman name, given before the Greek appellation was known, and to be compared with our popular stellar titles such as the Dipper, Charles' Wain, etc. Isidorus traced it to sucus, "moisture," a pleasanter derivation, and possibly more correct, than that held in ancient Italy. This will account for Bayer's Succidae. Bassus and others knew the group as u-psilon, the symbol with Pythagoras for human life; and the Roman V, as it resembles those letters, — alpha and epsilon being the extremes, gamma at the vertex.
But Ulug Beg's translator wrote: "Quinque stellae quae sunt in facie, in forma lambdae Graecorum et forma rov Dal. These Little Camels appeared in one Arabic story as driven before the personified Aldebaran, in evidence of his riches, when he went again to woo Al Thurayya, the Pleiades, who previously had spurned him on account of his poverty. Another author made the word Al Kallas, the Boiling Sea, so continuing in Arabia the Greek and Roman ideas of its stormy and watery character.
Generally, however, in that country, the Hyades were Al Dabaran, which was adopted in the Almagest, as well as in the Alfonsine Tables of , where we read sunt stellae aldebaran, specially referring to the star gamma "of those in the face. The Hindus figured this asterism as a Temple, or Wagon; and there are many astrological allusions to it in the Siddhantas, the collective term for the various standard astronomical books of that people.
The Chinese utilized it for their 2nd sieu Chinese Moon Mansion , Pi, or Peih, anciently Pal, a Hand-net, or a Rabbit-net, but included lambda and sigma; although some limited this station to epsilon, the farthest to the north. The She King thus described it: Long and curved is the Rabbit Net of the sky; but with that people generally it was the Star of the Hunter, and, with the astrologers, the Drought Car.
This title, however, was inappropriate, for the Hyades seem to have been as closely identified with rain in China as in Greece or Rome, — indeed were worshiped as Yu Shi, the General, or Ruler, of Rain, from at least B. Still this character was not native, but must have been derived from western Asia, where the early rains coincided with the heliacal rising of these stars, which was not the case in China by nearly two months.
The adjacent small stars, with xi, were Tien Lin, the Celestial Public Granary; and the whole group was known as the Announcer of Invasion on the Border. The Hyades have been identified with the scriptural Mazzaroth, but there is little foundation for this; even less than for their identification, by Saint Jerome and by Riccioli, with the Kimah of the Book of Job, ix, 9. Anglo-Saxon titles are Raedgastran, Raedgasnan, and Redgaesrum, whatever these may mean; and the Boar- Throng which that people saw in the sky may have been this group rather than Orion as generally is supposed.
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Superstar Luck. Lilith and 6 pointed star
The Endurer. Believed by some mythologists to be the originator of the constellations. Others believe it was Chiron Centaurus. The Central One. The Hen. Was said to be struck by lightning. Electra - Seduced by Zeus and gave birth to Dardanus, founder of Troy. Maia - Eldest and most beautiful of the sisters. Seduced by Zeus and gave birth to Hermes.
Merope - The missing one or Lost Pleiades. This is the seventh of the sisters. She alone, married a mortal man; Sisyphus, and she repents of it, she hid her face in shame at being the only one not married to a god and from shame at the deed, she alone of the sisters hides herself in the sky there is some dispute over whether it is Merope or Electra that hides herself, i.
The seven sweet Pleiades above. The group of sister stars, which mothers love To show their wondering babes, the gentle Seven. All literature contains frequent allusions to them, and in late years they probably have been more attentively and scientifically studied than any other group. They generally have been located on the shoulder of the Bull as we have them, but Hyginus, considering the animal figure complete, placed them on the hind quarter; Nicander, Columella, Vitruvius, and Pliny, on the tail, In cauda Tauri septem quas appellavere Vergilias; — although Pliny also is supposed to have made a distinct constellation of them.
Proclus and Geminos said that they were on the back; and others, on the neck, which Bayard Taylor followed in his Hymn to Taurus, where they Cluster like golden bees upon thy mane. Eratosthenes, describing them as over the animal, imitated Homer and Hesiod in his Pleias; while Aratos, calling them, in the Attic dialect, Pleiades, placed them near the knees of Perseus; thus, as in most of his poem, following Eudoxos, whose sphere, it is said, clearly showed them in that spot.
Hipparchos in the main coincided with this, giving them as Pleias and Pleiades; but Ptolemy used the word in the singular for four of the stars, and did not separate them from Taurus. The Arabians and Jews put them on the rump of Aries; and the Hindu astronomers, on the head of the Bull, where we now see the Hyades.
The Pleiades seem to be among the first stars mentioned in astronomical literature, appearing in Chinese annals of B. And their beginning the astronomical year gave rise to the title "the Great Year of the Pleiades" for the cycle of precession of about 25, years. The Hindus pictured these stars as a Flame typical of Agni, the god of fire and regent of the asterism, and it may have been in allusion to this figuring that the western Hindus held in the Pleiad month Kartik October- November their great star-festival Dibali, the Feast of Lamps, which gave origin to the present Feast of Lanterns of Japan.
But they also drew them, and not incorrectly, as a Razor with a short handle, the radical word in their title, kart, signifying "to cut.
Fixed star antares
In the Rubais, or Rubdiyat, of the poet-astronomer Omar Khayyam, the tent-maker of Naishapur in , "who stitched the tents of science," they were Parwin, the Parven of that country to- day; and, similarly, with the Khorasmians and Sogdians, Parvi and Parur; — all these from Peru, the Begetters, as beginning all things, probably with reference to their beginning the year. In China they were worshiped by girls and young women as the Seven Sisters of Industry, while as the 1st sieu Moon Mansion they were Mao, Mau, or Maou, anciently Mol, The Constellation, and Gang, of unknown signification, Alcyone being the determinant.
On the Euphrates, with the Hyades, they seem to have been Mas-tab-ba-gal-gal-la, the Great Twins of the ecliptic, Castor and Pollux Gemini being the same in the zodiac. In the 5th century before Christ Euripides mentioned them with Aetos, our Altair, as nocturnal timekeepers; and Sappho, a century previously, marked the middle of the night by their setting. Centuries still earlier Hesiod and Homer brought them into their most beautiful verse; the former calling them Atlagenes, Atlas-born. The patriarch Job is thought to refer to them twice in his word Kimah, a Cluster, or Heap, which the Hebrew herdsman-prophet Amos, probably contemporary with Hesiod, also used; the prophet's term being translated "the seven stars" in our Authorized Version, but "Pleiades" in the Revised.
In Milton's description of the Creation it is said of the sun that the gray Dawn and the Pleiades before him danced, Shedding sweet influence, — the original of these last words being taken by the poet from the Book of Job, xxxviii, 31, in the Authorized Version, that some have thought an astrological reference to the Pleiades as influencing the fortunes of mankind, or to their presumed influential position as the early leaders of the Lunar Mansions. The Revised Version, however, renders them "cluster," and the Septuagint by the Greek word for "band," as if uniting the members of the group into a fillet; others translate it as "girdle," a conception of their figure seen in Amr al Kais' contribution to the Muallakat, translated by Sir William Jones: It was the hour when the Pleiades appeared in the firmament like the folds of a silken sash variously decked with gems.
Von Herder gave Job's verse as: Canst thou bind together the brilliant Pleiades? Beigel as: Canst thou not arrange together the rosette of diamonds of the Pleiades? An opening rose also was a frequent Eastern simile; while in Sadi's Gulistan, the Rose-garden, we read: The ground was as if strewn with pieces of enamel, and rows of Pleiades seemed to hang on the branches of the trees; or, in Graf's translation: as though the tops of the trees were encircled by the necklace of the Pleiades. William Roscoe Thayer repeated the Persian thought in his Halid: slowly the Pleiades Dropt like dew from bough to bough of the cinnamon trees.
Henry of Paris, she says: The most curious of these was the threading together of stars by filmy processes. In one case seven aligned stars appeared strung on a nebulous filament "like beads on a rosary. The title, written also Pliades and, in the singular, Plias, has commonly been derived from plein "to sail," for the heliacal rising of the group in May marked the opening of navigation to the Greeks, as its setting in the late autumn did the close. But this probably was an afterthought, and a better derivation is from pleios, the Epic form of pleos, "full," or, in the plural, "many," a very early astronomical treatise by an unknown Christian writer having Plyades a pluralitate.
This coincides with the biblical Kimah and the Arabic word for them — Al Thurayya. But as Pleione was the mother of the seven sisters, it would seem still more probable that from her name our title originated. Some of the poets, among them Athenaeus, Hesiod, Pindar, and Simonides, likening the stars to Rock-pigeons flying from the Hunter Orion, wrote the word Peleiades, which, although perhaps done partly for metrical reasons, again shows the intimate connection in early legend of this group with a flock of birds.
When these had left the earth they were turned into the Pleiad stars.
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Aeschylus assigned the daughters' pious grief at their father's Atlas labor in bearing the world as the cause of their transformation and subsequent transfer to the heavens; but he thought these Peleiades apteroi, "wingless. This probably originated in that of the dove which helped Argo through; Homer telling us in the Odyssey that No bird of air, no dove of swiftest wing, That bears ambrosia to the ethereal king, Shuns the dire rocks; in vain she cuts the skies, The dire rocks meet and crush her as she flies; and the doves on Nestor's cup described in the Iliad have been supposed to refer to the Pleiades.
Another title analogous to the foregoing is Butrum from Isidorus, — Caesius wrongly writing it Brutum, — in the mediaeval Latin for Botrus, a Bunch of Grapes, to which the younger Theon likened them. It is a happy simile, although Thompson [Allen notes: He traces the word back as equivalent to oinas, a Dove, probably Columba oenas of Old World ornithology, and so named from its purple-red breast like wine, — oinos, — and naturally referred to a bunch of grapes; or perhaps because the bird appeared in migration at the time of the vintage.
This is strikingly confirmed by the fact that coins of Mallos in Cilicia bore doves with bodies formed by bunches of grapes; these coins being succeeded by others bearing grapes alone; and we often see the bird and fruit still associated in early Christian symbolism. Vergiliae and Sidus Vergiliarum have always been common for the cluster as rising after Ver, the Spring, — the Breeches Bible having this marginal note at its word "Pleiades" in the Book of Job, xxxviii, which starres arise when the sunne is in Taurus which is the spring time and bring flowers.
And these names obtained from the times of the Latin poets to the 18th century, but often erroneously written Virgiliae. Pliny, describing the glow-worms, designated them as stellae and likened them to the Pleiades: Behold here before your very feet are your Vergiliae; of that constellation are they the offspring. And the much quoted lines in Locksley Hall are similar: Many a night I saw the Pleiads, rising through the mellow shade, Glitter like a swarm of fire-flies tangled in a silver braid. Bayer cited Signatricia Lumina. Chaucer, in the Hous of Fame, had Atlantes doughtres sevene; but his "Sterres sevene" refer to the planets.
As the Seven Sisters they are familiar to all; and as the Seven Stars they occur in various early Bible versions; in the Sifunsterri of the Anglo-Saxons, though they also wrote Pliade; in the Septistellium vestis institoris, cited by Bayer; and in the modern German Siebengestirn. This numerical title also frequently has been applied to the brightest stars of the Greater Bear Ursa Major , as in early days it was to the "seven planets," — the Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. And even in our 6th century, with Hesychios, they were Satilla, a Chariot, or Wagon, another well-known figure for Ursa Major.
The Finns and Lithuanians likened them to a Sieve with holes in it; and some of the French peasantry to a Mosquito Net, Cousiniere, — in the Languedoc tongue Cousigneiros. As we have seen the Hyades likened to a Boar Throng, so we find with Hans Egede, the first Norse missionary to Greenland, , that this sister group was the Killukturset of that country, Dogs baiting a bear; and similarly in Wales, Y twr tewdws, the Close Pack.
Weigel included them among his heraldic constellations as the Multiplication Table, a coat of arms for the merchants. Sancho Panza visited them, in his aerial voyage on Clavileno Aligero, as las Siete Cabrillas, the Seven Little Nanny Goats; and la Racchetta, the Battledore, is a familiar and happy simile in Italy; but the astronomers of that country now know them as Plejadi, and those of Germany as Plejaden.
The Rabbis are said to have called them Sukkoth Renoth, usually translated "the Booths of the Maidens" or "the Tents of the Daughters," and the Standard Dictionary still cites this supposed Hebrew title; but Riccioli reversed it as Filiae Tabernaculi. All this, however, seems to be erroneous, as is well explained in the Speaker's Commentary on the 2d Book of the Kings xvii, 30, where the words are shown to be intended for the Babylonian goddess Zarbanit, Zirat-banit, or Zir-pa-nit, the wife of Bel Marduk. We see this title in Bayer's Athoraie; in Chilmead's Atauria quasi Taurinae; and otherwise distorted in every late mediaeval work on astronomy.
Riccioli, commenting on these in his Almagestum Novum, wrote Arabice non Athoraiae vel Atarage sed Altorieh sen Benat Elnasch, hoc est filiae congregationis; the first half of which may be correct enough, but the Benat, etc. Turanya is another form, which Hewitt says is from southern Arabia, where they were likened to a Herd of Camels with the star Capella as the driver. A special Arabic name for them was Al Najm, the Constellation par excellence, and they may be the Star, or the Star of piercing brightness, referred to by Muhammad in the 53d and 86th Suras of the Kuran, and versified from the latter by Sir Edwin Arnold in his At Hafiz, the Preserver: By the sky and the night star' By Al Tarik the white star!
To proclaim dawn near; Shining clear — When darkness covers man and beast — the planet Venus being intended by Al Tarik. Grimm cited the similar Syryan Voykodzyun, the Night Star. They shared the watery character always ascribed to the Hyades, as is shown in Statius' Pliadum nivosum sidus; and Valerius Flaccus distinctly used the word "Pliada" for the showers, as perhaps did Statius in his Pliada movere; while Josephus states, among his very few stellar allusions, that during the investment of Jerusalem by Antiochus Epiphanes, B.
In the Sidereal System Regulus is still considered very much within the Sign and the Constellation Leo, but in the Tropical System, relatively recently, the Star is no longer in the Sign of Leo but instead is measured as being in the Sign of Virgo. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of references , related reading or external links , but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. January Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Categories : Stellar groupings Technical factors of Western astrology History of astrology. Hidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from January All articles lacking in-text citations. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Winds were about 12 mph left to right. He wrote: seven paths aloft men say they take, Yet six alone are viewed by mortal eyes. A few suggestions on using the fixed stars. Download Uptodown App Store 3. Welcome to the largest group of custom knife designs in history! This is one of the most popular pages on my site, consistently gathering millions of hits and views, and many thousands of new visitors month after month, year after year.
Scroll down for previous stars, Places to Go, and the complete stellar archive. Unless you're using another Ancient and Modern Names. Very old star names originated among people who lived in the Arabian Peninsula more than a thousand years ago, before the rise of Islam. Fixed Star Wasat. Below is a list of 72 notable fixed stars, along with defintions provided by renowned astrologers that specialized in this field of astrology.
Herein, you receive nuggets of cosmic information and analysis on body, mind and spirit. Remember Lilith is still empowered by Jupiter after their Christmas Eve smooch. The history of the star: Wasat. Pollux is the second brightest star. Start studying Chapters Solar System. Violence, malevolence, destructiveness as a first principal.
Wasat fixed star
The info overkill keeps it more mysterious. Originally developed in the final year of the Amaris Civil War as the ultimate fixed position city defense BattleMech, the Annihilator was built as a sign of the military strength of both the Star League in Exile and the newly created Clans. Fixed star Wasat, Delta Geminorum, is a 3. Find all the synonyms and alternative words for fixed star at Synonyms. These big institutions were Remember the Vision.
As stars move toward the ends of their lives, much of their hydrogen has been converted to helium. Name and planetary Canopus — the pilot of the ship Argus. Check out the official trailer for Qasir Al-Wasat. List of Named Stars in Alphabetical Order. Field Punishment NumberOne, they called it. History of Arabic star names. The programming work should be completed within a couple of weeks. Mercury Venus Eminence, strength, success. Calling it a pseudoscience is kind. At its nearest approach to the earth, it is as bright as a sixth-magnitude star.
Effects: There is a permanent blending of the influences of stars that are conjunct one's natal planets. I like to look at where the Sun is in my chart and see which fixed stars were influencing the Sun's rays. A bias frame often reveals fixed-pattern bias and difference of the pixel. The Star Chart is a step-by-step instruction manual with a listing of over stars and deep-space objects.
In this thesis work the sensor of a star tracker has been characterized, and calibration. It includes waste material solid, liquid or gas produced by industrial, mining and agricultural operations. Ok guys, I wasat the range today and shot this bad boy 5 shot grouping at yards. Good sense of humor. Free phone or tablet. Wasat is the bright star next to Jupiter. Fixed Stars Forum. It may be built in[to] the western wall or may be a removable wooden structure or a fixed marble or masonry structure.
The Astrological spiritual and metaphysical meanings of the fixed star Wasat, for divination of the charts. Hadn't it been for that, she knew that she and Neville would have been completely lost as theyjourneyed through the castle. The fixed stars only influence the horoscope through conjunctions, orbs vary according to magnitude of star.
Location: Konohagakure no Sato- Park. Developed using Unity 3D, the game is a stealth action-adventure that takes place on an ominous night inside a wondrous palace on 12th Started in by Utah local Todd Campbell, Wasatch Trailer Sales has grown to become Utah's premiere trailer company! We have enjoyed serving our neighbors, and because of the success our friends have granted us, we have been able to branch out to nearby states. Wasat brings the logistical pieces together. I then compared the list to a list of fixed stars from a book called "The Fixed Stars and Constellations in Astrology.
Share photos and videos, send messages and get updates. Wasat, Mekbuda, and Mebsuta. Wasat Delta Gemini , 18Can40, Saturn. You can select only up to 10 additional objects besides the default planets. Read more History of Arabic star names.
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Hosted by Dr. Islam,Science and Imam Ali a. Sun conjunct Alnilam Orb: 1 deg 30 min Strong will and the desire to succeed. This is Uptodown's official app, designed specifically for Android. It is located at a distance of 60 light years from the solar system. From early times it has been thought to be the central Sun round which the universe revolves, and was Al Wasat, the Central One, of the Arabs, and Temennu, the Foundation Stone, of the Babylonians, but this idea has now been abandoned by as-tronomers. It is a little more than two times the size of the Sun which makes Sirius the brightest star in the night sky because of its proximity to our system.
Let's take a look at some of the major fixed star influences, and then you can of course continue your study into all the fascinating details and mythology of the bright orbs of the heavens that shine down on us and light our way. Orion's head. Tejat Posterior. Star Names List. A chapter there takes the Sabian Symbols for each degree of the Zodiac and interprets these aphoristically.
August 09 However, many Arabic language star names sprang up later in history, as translations of ancient Greek language descriptions. Two lists are provided. Some of your most personal moments are shared on WhatsApp, which is why we built end-to-end encryption into the latest versions of our app. This grouping was It is located about nine light years from here. Independent stars and constellations are shown with their name in boldface, with the number of stars in parentheses after the names. Astrology on the Web discusses the Fixed Stars and their traditional meanings. Get more done with the new Google Chrome.
An adjective often precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies. Mar 14, Explore ladyjanechatter's board "Fixed Stars" on Pinterest. Wasatch Peaks Credit Union is the financial service provider Ogden residents trust. On the 10 th day, i. Aladfar, Lyra, talons. Residual waste is nonhazardous industrial waste. See costs, photos, licenses and reviews from friends and neighbors. Pratt updated 10 Feb I look forward to Fr. Although named "fixed", the stars on the sky move at a rate of one degree in This page lists dozens of Fixed Stars by Sign and tropical position, with brief interpretations and other valuable info, including an introduction to the astrology of the Fixed Stars.
Listings of zodiac star names and designations, brightness and positions in sidereal coordinates with maps. Using your calculated natal chart, by finding the exact position of the planets on your date of birth, which will tell you which of the fixed stars listed are relevant to you. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. The body of the cutter is the Ascendant. Robson says of Wasat: "It gives violence, malevolence, destructiveness as a first principle, and is connected with chemicals, poisons and gas".
Thankful, Harry had explored the castle a lot last year so she knew how to get there. Welcome to my blog "Cosmic Adviser ".